What You Missed Out On About the Canarias Presas

The Canarias Presas breed has historically served various roles, including that of a guardian, herder for sheep and cattle, and participant in dog-fighting activities.

It is worth noting that dog fighting was legally permitted in Spain until 1936, and there is a possibility that such activities persisted covertly thereafter.

The Canarias Presas breed has the potential to adapt well to apartment living given that it receives adequate exercise.

Indoor inactivity is a characteristic commonly observed in this species, and optimal conditions for their well-being necessitate the provision of a yard of at least average dimensions.

Similar to other guardian-type canines, it is imperative to engage in early socialization and obedience training for optimal development.

Intermittently, instances of canine aggression may manifest in the Canarias Presas breed; however, through appropriate socialization and training, such occurrences are infrequent and atypical.


How Do I Describe the Canarias Presas?

Canarias Presas
Picture of the Canarias Presas

The Canarias Presas breed is characterized by its robust and symmetrical cranial structure, exhibiting a head shape that is approximately equal in width and length.

The muzzle exhibits a wide breadth. The chest exhibits significant depth and breadth. The posterior region exhibits a slight elevation.

This particular breed exhibits characteristics such as a robust dermal layer, compact osseous structures, formidable musculature, and a substantial cranium accompanied by a sizable mandible.

Typically, the practice of ear cropping is employed. The colour palette encompasses fawn and diverse brindle patterns, occasionally accompanied by the presence of white markings.

The Canarias Presas exhibits a tranquil physical demeanour and displays an alert countenance. This particular breed is particularly well-suited for safeguarding and has historically been employed in the task of herding cattle.

The Canarias Presas is characterized by its moderate size, exhibiting a rectilinear profile and a distinctive black mask. This breed is known for its sturdy build and balanced proportions.

Characterized by a low-pitched and resonant vocalization, this particular canine species exhibits a well-regulated disposition and possesses a notable sense of self-assurance.

The canine exhibits obedience and docility towards individuals within its familial unit, displaying a strong sense of loyalty towards its primary caretaker.

However, it may manifest a sense of wariness towards unfamiliar individuals. When in a state of alertness, its posture is resolute and watchful.


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How Do I Describe the Origin of the Canarias Presas?

The lineage of the Canarias Presas likely encompasses the extinct native Bardino Majero, which was likely interbred with imported English Mastiffs.

The breed originated in the Canary Islands during the 19th century, primarily serving as a working dog on farms.

The Canary Islands derived their name from the dog. The catch dog was utilized for apprehending undisciplined livestock and feral swine.

The purpose of its utilization was to safeguard domesticated animals from both untamed predators and human beings.

Subsequently, it was employed for a limited duration as a means of dog fighting by agriculturists seeking amusement.

The practice of dog fighting was subsequently prohibited, leading to a shift in public preference towards other canine breeds.

However, a subset of farmers persisted in maintaining the breed and utilizing them for agricultural purposes.

The Presa Canario breed can be traced back to its ancestral predecessor, the Bardino Majorero, which historically inhabited various regions across the Canary Islands.

During the colonial period, dogs of this particular breed were interbred with different dogs of molossoid type that were brought to the islands at various points in time.

The Canarias Presas breed experienced a notable impact from canines imported from the British Isles during the late nineteenth century, coinciding with a significant increase in British residents.

By the 1960s, the species was on the brink of extinction. In 1982, the Club Español del Canarias Presas, a breed society, was established and developed a preliminary breed standard.

This standard was subsequently published by the government of the islands. The standard was officially ratified by the Real Sociedad Canina de España in the year 1989.

In 1991, the dog was added to a list of Canary Islands’ national symbols as a representation of Gran Canaria. In 2001, it was officially recognized by the Spanish government.

In 2001, the Federation Cynologique Internationale gave the breed provisional recognition under the name Dogo Canario. In 2011, however, the same body formally acknowledged and accepted it.

In December 2018, the Real Sociedad Canina de España made a formal request to change the name, resulting in the adoption of the term “Presa Canario.”


How Do I Identify the Canarias Presas?

The Canarias Presas is characterized by its substantial physique and robust musculature. Canines have an average height of 60-66 cm at the withers and a weight ranging from 50-65 kg.

Female dogs, on the other hand, typically have a height of about 56-62 cm and weigh approximately 10 kg less than their male counterparts.

The cranial region exhibits a broad, robust, square, and potent brachycephalic morphology. When the ears are cropped, they assume an erect position.

In nations where the practice of ear-cropping is prohibited, the ears exhibit close proximity to the head, displaying a downward orientation and a desirable pendant or “rose”-shaped appearance.

The upper lip exhibits a slight degree of pendulousness, albeit not to an excessive extent. When observed from a frontal perspective, the upper and lower lips converge, creating a distinctive shape resembling an inverted V.

The flews exhibit a slight divergence. The interior surface of the lips exhibits a pigmentation that is notably darker in hue.

The breed is additionally distinguished by a sloping topline, whereby the rear is slightly elevated in comparison to the shoulders.

One additional distinguishing feature of this particular breed is the morphology of its paws, which resemble those of a feline, as well as the feline-like gait exhibited by the animal.

The physical structure of the body is characterized as mesomorphic, indicating that it possesses a slight elongation in relation to the height of the dog.

This particular anatomical feature contributes to the feline-like movement observed in this species.


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How Do I Describe the Behaviour of the Canarias Presas?

The Canarias Presas is characterized by its gentle and amiable temperament, displaying a strong inclination towards forming close bonds with its human companions.

These canines possess exceptional qualities as protectors of the family unit and are selectively bred to fulfil the dual roles of familial companionship and guardianship.

Individuals may exhibit a certain level of scepticism towards unfamiliar individuals, yet it is advisable for them to demonstrate acceptance towards strangers if their owner expresses acceptance towards them.

The individuals in question ought to maintain a high level of vigilance and preparedness in order to safeguard the owner or property, should the need arise.

The breed is typically characterized by its calm demeanor, yet possesses a highly formidable vocalization. This particular breed necessitates an owner who possesses a comprehensive understanding of the hierarchical dynamics inherent in canine behavior.

It is imperative that no individual within the familial unit experiences any form of discomfort in the presence of the canine. Canaries exhibit exceptional qualities as guard dogs.

The mere presence of these individuals serves as a deterrent, in addition to their capacity to confront any potential intruder.

Similar to other guardian-type canines, it is imperative to engage in early socialization and obedience training for optimal development.

The Canarias Presas breed may exhibit occasional instances of dog aggression; however, through appropriate socialization and training, such occurrences are infrequent and atypical.

The Canarias Presas demonstrates commendable performance in various competitions, including:

  • Conformation shows
  • Obedience trials
  • Iron dog events
  • Agility contests
  • Dock diving competitions
  • Schutzhund trials

A significant number of individuals are reared in the presence of canines, felines, avian species, and reptilian creatures.

In order to fulfill the migratory instincts of canines, it is imperative for owners to engage in daily pack walks with their dogs.

It is imperative that the dog refrain from walking ahead of the human who is in possession of the leash, as per the hierarchical structure observed within a pack, where the leader assumes the leading position.

The canine is required to ambulate in close proximity to or in a position posterior to the homo sapien. The primary goal of training this canine is to establish and maintain the position of pack leader.

The establishment of a hierarchical structure within a dog’s pack is an inherent instinct. When humans cohabitate with dogs, they assume the role of the pack.

The collective group functions in a collaborative manner, operating under the guidance and authority of a sole leader. The boundaries are distinctly delineated and regulations are established.

When a dog is unhappy, it often shows its displeasure by growling and, in severe situations, biting. This behaviour suggests that all other members of the dog’s social hierarchy are superior to the dog.

The power to make decisions must rest with humans, not canines. Adherence to this single strategy is essential for ensuring the overall success of one’s relationship with a canine friend.


How Do I Take Care of My Pet Canarias Presas?

  • Grooming:
              • In addition to routine weekly grooming, occasional bathing is recommended to maintain the cleanliness and optimal appearance of the Canarias Presas.
              • In order to prevent overgrowth, splitting, and cracking, it is recommended to regularly trim the strong and fast-growing nails using a nail clipper or grinder.
              • Regular examination of the ears is recommended in order to prevent the accumulation of wax and debris, as this can potentially lead to the development of infections.
              • It is imperative to maintain a regular oral hygiene routine that includes brushing one’s teeth on a consistent basis.
  • Exercise:

It is necessary to engage in a daily routine of extended walks with this particular breed. It is imperative to prevent the dog from walking ahead of the handler during a walk.

In the hierarchical structure of a pack, the pack leader assumes the role of the primary decision-maker and therefore takes precedence in initiating actions.

It is imperative for the Canarias Presas, a canine breed, to comprehend that all humans hold a higher position in the social hierarchy compared to him.

The Canarias Presas breed is likely to flourish when provided with a specific task or occupation.

  • Diet:
              • The Perro de Canarias Presas is likely to thrive on a diet consisting of high-quality dog food, which can be either commercially produced or prepared at home under the guidance and approval of a veterinarian.
              • It is imperative that the diet provided to a dog aligns with its specific life stage, which may include puppyhood, adulthood, or senior years.
              • Certain breeds of dogs have a predisposition to becoming overweight, thus it is imperative to monitor both the calorie intake and weight status of your canine companion.
              • Treats can serve as a valuable tool in the context of training, however, excessive consumption may lead to the development of obesity.
              • This study aims to explore the safety of various human foods for canine consumption, distinguishing between those that are deemed safe and those that are potentially harmful.
              • It is advisable to consult a veterinarian if there are any concerns regarding the weight or diet of your canine companion.
              • The provision of readily accessible clean and fresh water is imperative.


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While it is true that certain health challenges may be encountered by dogs, it is noteworthy that the majority of Perro de Presa Canarios exhibit good health throughout their lives.

By collaborating with a conscientious breeder, potential owners can acquire the necessary knowledge to familiarize themselves with particular health issues associated with the breed.

The short and coarse fur is low-maintenance in terms of grooming. To achieve a polished appearance, it is recommended to utilize a brush with firm bristles followed by a gentle wiping motion using a piece of towelling or chamois.

It is advisable to engage in bathing or utilizing dry shampoo as needed. This particular breed exhibits a moderate level of shedding. Thanks for reading!

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