Do Bees Have Teeth?

Bees are well known for their stingers, but just like other insects do bees have teeth? A bee sting is known to be very painful and effective especially if one is allergic.

But how effective will their bites be if they do have teeth? Do bees have teeth? well, let us now find out!


Do Bees Have Teeth?

Bees have teeth, despite the fact that we don’t normally associate chewing with them. In fact, bees can use their teeth to perform a wide range of tasks, such as injecting prey with a paralyzing agent and feeding their young.

There are teeth on the mandible of bees. Bee species differ in the number of teeth they have, as well as how large they are.

It’s not uncommon to see mandibles that are sparse and have a few sharply pointed teeth, but this isn’t the case for all. In and out of the hive, bees use their teethed mandibles to grasp or cut.

Despite the fact that the mandibles of the queen, worker bees, and drones all differ in shape and size, they all have them. It is impossible for a worker bee to survive without her mandibles.

They’re a part of everything she does. A honey bee worker uses her mandibles before stinging or flapping her wings! This is a surprising fact!

She chews her way out of the fertilized egg that gave rise to her. After she emerges, she returns to the brood cell to clean and polish the cell’s surfaces for the upcoming bees to enter.

Following her transformation from egg to queen, a queen’s mandibles are used to cut through the wax’s thick layers.

Although a queen bee lacks the wax-secreting glands, pollen sacs, and other working features of a worker bee, she has sharp cutting teeth. It is the queen bee that has more wax on her body than a worker bee.

As soon as she gets out of her queen cell, she uses her teeth to sting and cut open the sides of other virgin queens in their brood cells.

She ensures that there are no other virgin queens left in the hive or nest so that she can stay the only queen.

When it comes to breaking into their brood chambers, the mandibles of drones are too small, so they require help.

There are two “jaws” on the end of the bee’s face that are present in all bees. Bees have sharp “teeth” on the ends of their mandibles.

Although all bees have this trait, different bees have varied toothed mandibles due to the variety of activities they do.

When a queen bee is developing, her mouthparts, called mandibles, are shaped to cut through the wax that forms the natal cell.

As a result of their lack of experience with mandibular labor, drone bees have smaller mandibles; in fact, their mandibles are so little that they frequently require assistance when emerging from their own natal cells.


Read more: How Many Eyes Does a Bee Have?


How Many Teeth Do Bees Have?

Bee species differ greatly in their tooth count. There is no universally agreed-upon number of teeth in bees of all species.

It’s not uncommon for bees to have enough teeth to perform mandible-related duties. A suicide bee with no stings has five teeth on its mandible, which it uses to grip onto threats and inflict misery upon them.

They use their bite to make up for the lack of a stinger.

Female leafcutter bees have four teeth and utilize their mandibles to chop leaves to build their homes.

The mandibles are where the bee’s teeth are found. The mandibles are the pincer-like protrusions on the end of a bee’s head that are visible to the unaided eye.

These mandibles have hard, jagged structures on the ends of them. Teeth are what most people think of when they think of teeth.

An actual “tooth” does not exist, but rather a groove in the mandibles that resembles a tooth.


How Do I Describe the Bee’s Mandible?

Do Bees Have Teeth
A Bee Putting Its Mandible to Use

Technically, bees lack jaws. They instead have mandibles. Bees use their mandibles for a variety of purposes.

As soon as a bee hatches, its mandibles are employed to help it get out of its cell, which is critical for survival.

Bees have mandibles with teeth that can open and close to swivel and open and close to bite and chew.

Those pincer-like extensions can be found at the extremities of the bee’s labrum (upper lip). The movable mandibles (jaws) swing in and out like many other insects.

Although they seem like pincers, mandibles are jagged and toothed. Located at the front of a bee’s face are teethed pincer-like features.

The abductors and adductors, two powerful muscles, aid in this movement.


Read more: What Is the Effects Of Bee Sting? | Dangers Associated


Do Bees Have Teeth that Can Bite You?

The sting of a bee is unpleasant, yet its numbing bite is unknown to most of us. However, a bee’s level of aggression and teeth determine whether or not they will actually sting you.

Bee species that are more aggressive are more likely to sting you. When it comes to bees, their bite is so gentle that you won’t even notice it when a bumblebee stings.

The ten teeth on the mandibles of the stingless Trigona hyalinata bee can make a severe bite.

The pain of a Trigona bee bite is less severe than that of a honey bee sting, but it can still be unpleasant. Incredibly, a Trigona bee can continue to sting for up to an hour.

In spite of the fact that most people believe that bees are only capable of stinging humans and other animals, they can also bite. Bees have been discovered to bite organisms that are too small for their stings, according to research.

Bees inject their victims with 2-Heptanone when they bite them. Humans cannot be paralyzed by this substance, which can only paralyze animals that have been injected.

Honey bees can also inject 2- heptanone from their glands into the victim’s body when they bite.

When a bee bites, the mandibular glands release 2-heptanone, which acts as a local anesthetic in the neurological system of mammals.

In humans, this non-lethal anesthetic has been shown to be equally effective as the well-known numbing agent lidocaine in studies.

You can use this natural anesthesia in place of a local anesthetic that some people are allergic to.


Members of the Bee Colony and their Teeth Function?

Certain members of the bee colony are incorporated with teeth which they use to perform different functions for the good of the colony. Now let us find out:


The Queen Bee

  • To Cut Through their Cells

The mandibles of queen bees are used in a manner that is substantially dissimilar to that of worker bees. The mandibles of queen bees are sharp enough to slice through the waxy walls of their maturation cell, which protect them from predators.

If the queen did not have her mandibles, she would never be able to get free from this jail.


  • To Kill Competing Queens

After the queen has successfully fled her jail, she will search for other queens who have not yet been successful in their escape attempts.

After she has located them, the queen will use her mandibles to cut into their cells, thereby suffocating and murdering them.

This will assure that she is the sole queen that is still alive.


The Worker Bee

  • To Defend the Colony

The bees’ fangs are an important part of their arsenal when it comes to ward off potential enemies. This is especially true with drone bees, which do not possess stingers since they do not need them.

When fighting off potential enemies, bees will frequently inject them with a substance that causes them to become paralyzed.

The bees that lack stingers rely on their teeth as their major defensive mechanism. Trigona hyalinata is a type of stingless bee that has painful bites that last for a long time.

Their primary predators are ants and other species of bees, and biting is an efficient technique to drive them away. They continue to employ this combat method when confronted with larger invaders.

Fire bees have mandibular glands that produce formic acid, and when they bite, they spit some formic acid on the wound to ensure that a potential predator learns its lesson.

Even though honey bees have a sting for defense, they nevertheless utilize their mandibles to bite other insects and animals that threaten them.

According to research done, this takes place when a predator is too little to sting its prey.

Pests such as varroa mites and wax moth larvae are examples of these. Varroa mites pose a threat to honey bee colonies, and wax moth larvae are known to harm the cells in which broods are raised.

Additionally, it is known that they will bite spiders, wasps, beetles, and other species of bees. They just give the bugs a bite, which causes the mandibular glands to secrete some 2-heptanone, which temporarily renders the pests unable to move or breathe.

Because of this, the workers are able to expel the unwanted guests from the hive or nest.


Read more: What Does a Bee Look Like? | Facts & Identification


  • To Feed the Young Bees

Feeding the larvae is one of the tasks that a young worker bee is responsible for. Their mandibles serve the same purpose as a spoon when it comes to feeding the young members of the colony.

This is a really vital task, and having healthy mandibles is essential to ensuring that it is completed successfully.

The mandibles of worker bees have a naturally developing shape that is similar to a spoon, which enables them to effortlessly transfer food with them.

This food is transported from the worker bees’ glands into the depressions in the mandibles by the worker bees themselves.

It is possible for the worker bee to feed the larvae by inserting its mandibles into the brood cell where the larvae are housed and allowing food to flow into the space.

Worker bees are capable of doing this to a number of different cells, and when they run out of food, they merely refill their mandibles and restart the procedure.


  • To Build Combs

The production of waxy material from the glands of the worker bees marks the beginning of the process of comb construction.

Once this wax has hardened, the bees will be able to use their mandibles to sculpt and shape it into whatever form they require.

This wax will retain its shape. The bee will also add enzymes to the wax through the salivary glands of its mouth as it is going through this process.

After the wax has been molded into the appropriate shape, the worker bee can insert it into the comb, using its mandibles to ensure that it is a snug fit and does not move around. It’s possible that constructing a comb wouldn’t be possible if you didn’t have these mandibles.

Enzymes produced by their salivary glands contribute to the acceleration of this process. After that, she makes use of the teeth to shape each cell, cut the soft wax, and polish it.

It is quite remarkable how she creates consistent hexagonal structures that interlock with one another.


  • To Mark Territories

Pheromones are used frequently by bees in the process of marking their territory. Bees can use these pheromones to identify their territory, which encourages other insects to steer clear of the area.

When a male bumblebee wants to establish his territory, he does so by flying in a circling pattern around it. On occasion, he halts his progress, lands on a plant, and begins repeatedly moving his jaws in and out of their open and closed positions.

This process causes the mandibular glands to secrete a scent, which identifies the territory that he is claiming as his own.


  • To Collect Resins

The worker bees use their mandibles to gather resin from plants. She then incorporates part of the saliva’s secretions into the resin, works on it until it becomes malleable, and finally stores it on pollen baskets.

Once they have returned to the hive, additional worker bees will use their mandibles to unload the harvested nectar and pollen.

Before the propolis can be put to any use, it must first be chewed even further. After it has been prepared for usage, the personnel will continue to utilize the mandibles to apply and disperse it in the appropriate areas.


  • To Groom and Clean the Hive

By utilizing their mandibles, the worker bees clean the hive of any debris or waste that may have accumulated.

Wood chips, dead bees or other insects, pieces of paper, and other such things may be included in this category. In addition to this, they groom both themselves and the queen with the mandibles.


Read more: How to Get Rid of Bees in Walls Without Sprays and Chemicals


The Drone Bees

  • To Grasp Onto a Flower Part While Sleeping

Drone bees use their teeth mostly for sleeping in flowers, which is one of their primary functions. In order to accomplish this, a drone bee will first search for a flower to visit.

A great number of male bees of different species sleep while foraging for food at night by clamping their mandibles around stems or leaves and then dozing off.

It should not come as a surprise to observe clusters of male bees dripping wet from the dew as they hang on their jaws.

After that, it will use its mandibles to hold onto a portion of the blossom, thus using it as a support for itself as it hangs there. After that, it will go to sleep, and when it wakes up, it will release its hold and flee.

Since male drone bees do not possess stingers either, they are frequently forced to rely solely on their teeth as a mode of self-defense when confronted by predators and other potentially dangerous animals.



Do bees have teeth? Indeed, they do! The Wallace’s Giant Bee is the largest bee in the world, hence this species certainly possesses the largest teeth among bees.

This kind of bee has a wing span greater than 0.6 cm, dwarfing the common honeybee.

How do bees gather nectar? They extract nectar by biting the bottom of a flower and sucking it out, a process known as nectar robbing. The issue with this strategy is that the bloom cannot be pollinated by a bee.

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