15 Rarest Dog Breeds in the World (With Pictures)

Is your dog among the 15 rarest dog breeds in the world? Well, then you could look at dumping a rare breed. The 15 of the rarest dog breeds in the world are known to have outstanding qualities any dog parent will crave for.

In this article, we are discussing the rarest dog breed in the world and the possible conditions that make these dogs considered a rare breed.


15 Rarest Dog Breeds in the World

Below is the list of the rarest dog breeds in the world, they are listed in descending order.

15. Bully Dog


A bully is not a dog you see every day. if you do see one, you can almost guarantee that it costs the owners more than a down payment on a fancy sports car.

Merle is the name for a coat pattern on a dog rather. Other than a particular color, Merle is a pattern that’s caused by a gene that alters the pigment.

Bully dogs can live for a long time, breeding bully dogs was frowned upon because of the risk of deafness, blindness, and other health problems. The bully weighs about 130 pounds. These rarest dog breeds in the world are one-in-a-million dogs with beautiful coloring, a solid structure, and a lovely temperament.


14. Pitbull Dog

Rarest Dog Breed In The World
Pitbull dog

Most people would have seen red-nose and blue-nose pitbull dogs. They are highly sought after as family pets, but reasonably common throughout the dog world.

Most colors of Pitbulls are common because of the years of different gene types through generations of the breed.

As it turns out an all-black pitbull is quite hard to come by. 

The only real difference between a black pitbull and other colored Pitbulls is the color. Sometimes their eye color is darker, but their size and shape are very similar to other Pitbulls, even their personality isn’t all that much different.

Remember Pitbulls and other dog breeds are products of their environment more than their genetics. The Black Pitbull also looks quite similar to the black panther, which is an all-black dog made up of 4 breeds. Pitbull dogs are loved because of their guarding abilities, protectiveness, and loyalty.


13. Catalburun Dog

Rarest Dog Breeds In The World
catalburun dog

If you’re searching for a hunting companion that looks just a little bit different from other furry friends then the catalburun is a worthwhile option.

This rare breed originates from turkey and its name means split nose. Well, that’s kind of an absurd name for a dog breed.

It will all make sense when you see it, the nose of this dog develops in what looks like two pieces with a thin layer of skin joining the two.

While some people think the splitting of the nose makes it a better hunter. It’s merely a cosmetic feature. The catalburun also goes by the name Turkish hunter.

The split nose pointer is man’s best friend. Also, this dog has incredible stamina and requires a lot of physical and mental stimulation to keep it out of trouble.

Breeding in the right environment makes it more friendly, the catalburun has a lifespan of around 12 years. It has a classic pointer look, with triangular ears, colored patches on a white body, and stands at about 20 inches tall.


12. Mexican Hairless Dog

Mexican Hairless Dog
Mexican Hairless Dog

If you like being the center of attention, then you certainly will be. If you turned up at your local dog park with a Mexican hairless dog.

There are plenty of ways this dog is one of the rarest in the world. 

The Xoloitzcuintlis are of 3 sizes, standard with height ranging from 18 to 23 inches, miniature with height ranging from 14 to 18 inches, and toy with height ranging from 10 to 14 inches tall. You can also choose from hairless to coated.

The coated variety has a short and flat coat and the hairless dog has a tough and smooth layer of skin. Even the coloring of this unique breed is something special.

If you decide that a Xoloitzcuintlis is for you, then you can opt for one. Other colors are black slate gray, black bronze, red, or liver color. Whichever color you get though, you can expect it to be a faithful companion.

Mexican hairless dogs are intelligent and thoughtful. They also move with grace, elegance, and furrow. Even though they appear to be delicate, this breed is surprisingly robust, strong, and rarest dog breeds in the world.

That may be why they were one of the most popular dogs in ancient Aztec and Maya times as healers and guides to the underworld.


11. Belgian Malinois Sheep Dog

Belgian Malinois Sheep Dog
Belgian Malinois Sheep Dog

The Belgian Malinois Sheepdog is not one that you will see all that often and was first bred by Shepherds in Persia over 2,000 years ago.

What stands out the most? This dog, of course, it’s a coat. It has loose mats of 3 different hair textures that make it look like it hasn’t seen a bath or brush.

It has a layer of felt-like fur that protects the dog’s body and legs from the cold.

Moreover, not to mention wild predators in the Italian Alps where the pooch originates. Aside from its fur, there is a reason why this dog is man’s best friend.

This breed is a hard worker. They also have a heart of gold, you will even find that they are easy to train and will watch over loved ones vigilantly.

They can be a little aloof with strangers, but the bit of time can make all the difference. This rare dog is every Farmer’s dream.


10. Tibetan Mastiff Dog

Tibetan Mastiff Dog
Tibetan Mastiff Dog

The Tibetan Mastiff is a dog that makes you want to snuggle up with it and nestle your face with its fur.

They are giant fluffy and ridiculously cute, but before you do all that, it pays to know a bit about this rare dog breed.

Tibetan Mastiffs were bred as guard dogs for property and livestock hundreds of years ago in Tibet.

Hence the name Tibetan, if you didn’t make that at connection already, they stand at about 26 inches to the shoulder and can weigh well over 100 pounds, but under all that fluff is a muscular solid dog, that means business.

If you think they will be stomping around your home knocking everything over, you are wrong. They are surprising, agile, and light-footed. This means they will take anyone by surprise trying to break into your home.

They are beautifully Noble dogs having V-shaped ears, a broad head, and expressive brown eyes. Well, you would need to be an experienced dog owner to bring one of these dogs home.

Equally, you will likely enjoy the protection and personality they bring into your household.


9. Thai Ridgeback Dog

Thai Ridgeback Dog
Thai Ridgeback Dog

It’s okay to be a little fearful when you see a Thai Ridgeback dog for the first time, after all, they do look slightly terrifying.

They come in blue, black fawn, or red and are quite often spotted black for blue tongues even their fur is unique with them.

This dog got their name of ridgeback from the way the fur on its back grows in a different direction to the rest of its body.

It is a whole different one, they are a loyal loving pet but also one that can be a protector for your family. They were bred for hunting and guarding and are both independent and self-sufficient by Nature.

Thai Ridgebacks can also be quite suspicious of strangers and are incredibly protective of their property. They are also reserved and have a high prey drive while also being quite intelligent.

If you fancy such a dog, then make sure to get one tho it requires no means of a novice with dog ownership.


8. Basenji Dog

Basenji Dog
Basenji Dog

Are you looking for a companion to chew all your shoes and socks and anything else? We do have the dog for you.

The Basenji comes from Congo and was initially bred to control village rodent populations than flush out the small game.

They are small 16 to 17 inch high dogs with short coats curl tails and cute little wrinkled foreheads.

Their almond-shaped eyes almost look a little human-like, there are both inquisitive and sweet-faced dog owes, but don’t let their sweep adorable faces fool you for these dogs are going to keep you on your toes.

Anything you leave on the ground is fair game to be chewed and you are going to need to offer them a lot of exercise and stimulation. The Basenji can also require a lot of patience to train as they are not for first-time owners.

These suit smaller homes due to their small size, but they need open spaces to explore. Remember, they have high prey drive, stunt out, small game. So, the rural environment is the best one for this rare dog breed.


7. Azawakh Dog

Azawakh Dog
Azawakh Dog

The Azawakh is a hound dog that you won’t see all too often in the neighborhood. In fact, you can even describe them as rare.

They live for up to 15 years and are West Africans sighthound while you can find them in the United States.

There are far more common in the likes of Niger, Mali, and Burkina Faso more under control.

But even though they aren’t that common, their features are distinctive enough for you to know and as a lock when you see one.

They can be a sandy fawn color, bra red, black-brown, and white or any variation of these colors, their heads have a black mask and they have white markings on their tail, debutante, and legs.

They are not dull dogs. As a lock, our beautiful, guardians and companion dogs are also gentle, affectionate, and protective of their people and property.

That is why they make amazing family pets but before you rush out down to get one. It’s worth knowing that they can be quite standoffish, especially to strangers.

They also don’t like being touched by people. But, once you get to know them, they will be your new best friend.


6. Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog

Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog
Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog

If you live in Louisiana, then there’s one dog you are probably going to see a lot more than any other.

That is the Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog. As leopard-like as a dog can get, this charmer is a faithful family companion that steals the hearts of all who see it.

The dog breed is of Choctaw origin. Its name means sacred Lake. It’s also the only dog breed that is thought to have originated in Louisiana, but aside from its family tree, this dog has plenty to offer.

It was named the official state dog of the state in 1979. It has a beautifully striking appearance, you won’t find many dogs that look like this breed.

It’s also bred to work in forests and swamplands. Its ranges from medium to large with a short coat. However, if you have never owned a dog before the Louisiana Catahoula Leopard dog is not for you.

They need a firm owner and someone who can be a tolerating dog parent. They also need a lot of stimulation and exercises to keep them active. 


5. Bedlington Terrier Dog

Bedlington Terrier Dog
Bedlington Terrier dog

This cute little cotton bud breed might be the rarest dog breed in the world, but that doesn’t mean it is not desirable for anyone who wants a faithful and fluffy companion.

The Bedlington Terrier is named after an English mining Shire where it was bred and has plenty of desirable traits.

It has a curly coat, still tears, fleecy head, and an arched back. It also appears to have a relationship with a whippet.

A sighthound and its family tree. Basically, this dog is as unique as they come, they move with a light spring in their step, and if they catch a whiff of a small critter, they are off like a bolt of lightning.

They were originally bred for killing vermin and their hunting instincts. They are happy to be by your side as they are frolicking out in the field.

If you own this breed, you are not going to want to own anything smaller than it such as rodents or cats.


4. English Foxhound Dog

Rarest Dog Breeds In The World
English Foxhound Dog

The English Foxhound is one of the rarest dog breeds in the world found in the countryside and the weld of a foxhound is in their name, their stamina, that long legs, and deep chest made them perfect for the hunt.

Not to mention their love for hunting in packs, and insane sense of smell. Today, the English Foxhound is not that common and not for fox hunting instead.

They are family companions which sometimes you can even see as show dogs in foxhound performance trials.

This scent-driven sociable dog owes are driven by instinct and are very much hard wire for the thrill of the chase. If you are looking for a sofa snuggle buddy, you won’t find one in the English Foxhound.

Instead, you will find a dog that does not care for much other than chasing, running, and doing its own thing. Even training is out of the question if they don’t feel like it.

This breed is not one for first-time pet owners and it’s certainly not one for anyone who happens to have cats, rats, rabbits, or any other furry little critter that are quite fond of.


3. Norwegian Lundehund Dog

Rarest Dog Breeds In The World
Norwegian Lundehund Dog

The Norwegian London was specifically bred for the purpose of puffin hunting. The word Puffin is literally in their name.

Lunde is the Norwegian word for Puffin. They are a spitz-type dog with a curved tail double coat and triangular ears, but there are also plenty of unique traits about this dog.

Each foot has six toes and an extra carpal pad as well. They are also known for their elastic neck.

The dog can crane its head, so far back that it touches its spine. It’s also fold shut, and its four legs can extend to the side of its body.

Thanks to its flexible shoulders, puffins are now protected. This dog’s job is redundant still, they make for a fun and energetic dog to have on your farm.


2. Cutter Hellhound Dog

Rarest Dog Breeds In The World
Cutter Hellhound Dog

Cutter hounds are rare dogs that were bred for hunting otters back in the 18th century. There even mention of them as early as the year 1100 as otters which put fish stocks at risk.

They were the answer to a growing problem today. These boisterous and lovable dogs are as rare as they come.

There are only about 350 in the United States and Canada and fewer than 1,000 in the entire world.

The cutter hound is a faithful companion. They have a beautiful personality, a rough double coat, and webbed feet.

Their aptitude for swimming makes them perfect friends for the water lovers in your family. They also have an amazing sense of smell and can follow underwater trails for long distances.

Once they reached an otter, it took no effort at all to take down a razor Claude, feisty and sharp tooth otter. They are more of a family dog, but they also like to keep their independence.

They will make you smile with their crazy antics, but they are just as happy to be off doing their own thing.


1. Finnish Spitz Dog

Rarest Dog Breeds In The World
Finnish Spitz Dog

The Finnish Spitz is a very special dog and that is no understatement. It has been the national dog of Finland since around 1979, and it’s even mentioned in many finished patriotic songs.

It is clear that the Finnish people are quite passionate about this dog. But why? Well, firstly, it’s quite rare.

There have only been around 2,000 registered annually and even less in early 1900.

It is also one of the healthiest dog breeds with a lifespan averaging up to 15 years. If you wanted a dog that would remain your faithful companion for as long as possible then the Finnish Spitz would be. The foxy-faced flame-colored dog is a hunting dog that has no fear.

It uses a unique type of tracking and loves to bark, but even their bark is something special for this dog’s vocal range making it a pleasure to listen to rather than an annoyance.

They are also alert dogs that are a bit sassy but not at all. You also can’t help but have your heart melted by their curved tail and lively expression when their ears perk up.

They are smart sensitive and entirely captivating. The Finnish Spitz definitely fits the title of man’s best friend.



There are literally hundreds of dog breeds in the world from common to extremely rare. Some are companion dogs while others are bred for the purpose of hunting, and tracking board.

Have you seen any of these 15 rarest dog breeds in the World in person or own? Or would you buy any of them? Let us know your opinion in the comment section.

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