According to scholarly research, it has been posited that the progenitors of the smiling monkey may be traced back to Africa, with the earliest documented population believed to have migrated to South America approximately 40 million years in the past.
This phenomenon occurred during a period of land mass proximity, facilitating more accessible migration compared to the present era.
Currently, the most ancient documented monkey skeletal remains identified to date belong to Canaanimico amazonensis. Keep reading to find out more!
How Do I Describe a Smiling Monkey?
Apes, being closely related to the old-world smiling monkeys within the smiling monkey group, exhibit similar features that are commonly observed in monkeys.
Williams et al. (year) provided a comprehensive analysis of evolutionary characteristics, specifically focusing on stem groupings, in comparison to other primate species like tarsiers and lemuriformes.
Smiling monkeys exhibit a wide range of sizes, spanning from the diminutive pygmy marmoset, measuring as tiny as 117 mm (4+5⁄8 in) in body length with a 172 mm (6+3⁄4 in) tail, and weighing just over 100 g (3+1⁄2 oz), to the larger adult mandrill, which can reach a length of almost 1 m (3 ft 3 in) and weigh up to 36 kg (79 lb).
Certain species of primates exhibit arboreal behaviour, residing in tree habitats, while others inhabit the savanna.
The dietary preferences of these primates vary across different species, encompassing a range of food sources such as fruits, leaves, seeds, nuts, flowers, eggs, and small creatures, including insects and spiders.
Certain traits are commonly observed within these groups. The majority of New World smiling monkeys possess elongated tails, particularly those belonging to the Atelidae family, which exhibit prehensile tails.
In contrast, Old World smiling monkeys possess either non-prehensile tails or lack visible tails altogether. Old World primates exhibit trichromatic colour vision, similar to that observed in humans.
In contrast, New World primates can possess trichromatic, dichromatic, or, in the case of owl monkeys and greater Galagos, monochromatic colour vision.
While both New World and Old World monkeys, as well as apes, possess forward-facing eyes, there are notable distinctions in the facial characteristics between these two groups.
However, it is important to note that certain features, such as the types of noses, cheeks, and rumps, are shared throughout both Old World and New World monkeys.
Pictures of Monkey Smiling
Picture 01 of a Smiling Monkey
Picture 02 of a Smiling Monkey
Picture 03 of a Smiling Monkey
Picture 04 of a Smiling Monkey
How Do I Describe the Scientific Name of a Smiling Monkey?
Monkeys are classified into two scientific taxonomic categories: simiiformes catarrhini and simiiformes platyrrhini.
The term “Simiiformes,” from which the term “simian” is derived, originates from the Latin word “simia,” which refers to apes or monkeys.
The term “Catarrhini” is derived from the Latin language, specifically referring to “hook-nosed.”
This nomenclature is likely attributed to the anatomical characteristic of monkeys belonging to this group, which possess nostrils that are closer together and point downward.
This is in contrast to Platyrrhini, a term derived from the Latin word “broad-nosed,” which alludes to the comparatively flattened nostrils observed in this particular group of monkeys.
How Do I Describe the Behaviour of a Smiling Monkey?
Smiling monkeys can be considered a close relative of apes. Great apes, such as chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans, possess greater brain sizes and lack tails.
There is a wide variety of monkey species, with a total count of over 250, which encompasses macaques, tamarinds, and marmosets, among others. Monkeys exhibit a diverse array of sizes, colours, and behaviours.
The animal species mentioned exhibit a wide spectrum of physical characteristics.
On one end, the pygmy marmoset showcases diminutive proportions, measuring less than six inches in height and weighing around the equivalent of a standard deck of playing cards.
On the other end, the mandrill displays contrasting features, such as a vibrant nose colouration, a weight over 100 pounds, and a length surpassing three feet.
Simiiformes platyrrhini, commonly known as New World monkeys, exhibit a distinctive nasal morphology characterized by flatter noses and laterally oriented nostrils.
In addition, this particular species of monkeys possesses prehensile tails, enabling them to manipulate things and suspend themselves from tree branches.
An illustrative instance of a platyrrhini is represented by the spider monkey, characterized by its pink facial features emerging from a distinctively lengthy black coat.
Numerous primates exhibit a tendency to refrain from terrestrial locomotion, instead employing a form of arboreal movement known as “brachiation,” as identified by scientific researchers.
Brachiation refers to the locomotive behaviour of traversing between branches by means of swinging.
Numerous primate species, including the spider monkey, exhibit the morphological adaptation of possessing elongated limbs in proportion to their body size, presumably serving a specific function.
How Do I Describe the Reproductive Behaviour of a Smiling Monkey?
Similar to Homo sapiens, primates belonging to the order of monkeys exhibit viviparity, giving birth to a small litter of one or two offspring.
Furthermore, monkeys are characterized by their relatively extended lifespans in comparison to other members of the mammalian class.
While smaller monkeys, such as tamarinds, often have an average lifespan of roughly 15 years, similar to that of a domestic pet, larger monkeys in the wild can live up to 35 years.
Monkeys exhibit an extended lifespan when residing in captivity, as exemplified by a Bornean gibbon that reached the remarkable age of 60 years. Monkeys reach maturity in a relatively short period of time.
Similar to human beings, the reproductive process of fertile female monkeys typically lasts approximately one year, encompassing the mating period and subsequent live birth of offspring.
The duration of these periods tends to be somewhat shorter for monkeys of smaller stature, such as those resembling rodents.
Similar to humans, monkeys frequently experience a menstrual period that occurs around once a month, during which they have the potential to conceive.
However, it is noteworthy that the majority of monkey species have a mating season that is closely tied to the availability of food resources.
The majority of monkey species have an annual reproductive cycle, wherein they typically give birth to offspring once each year.
Mothers of simian primates often care for their young by nursing and otherwise tending to them for several months, or until the youngster is old enough to start doing more for themselves.
The young primate’s extreme dependence on its mother during this time can prevent the mother from becoming pregnant again.
A common social structure among primates is the establishment of extended families consisting of many adult females and a dominant male (the “alpha” male), who mates with the bulk of the females.
Non-dominant males within these social units may choose to disassociate from the group throughout their adult stage in order to establish an independent familial unit.
As the dominant male ages or succumbs to mortality, a successor male may assume the role of the alpha.
Read also: What You Were Not Told About Albino Monkeys
How Do I Describe the Eating Behaviours of a Smiling Monkey?
The majority of monkeys exhibit an omnivorous dietary behaviour, characterized by the consumption of both animal-based and plant-based food sources.
Due to their physical dimensions, a significant proportion of primates primarily rely on insects or larvae as a source of sustenance.
Larger primates exhibit a dietary preference for larger species, including lizards, and engage in the act of pilfering avian eggs.
Fruit, nuts, and seeds constitute a significant portion of the dietary intake of the majority of monkey species. The dietary preferences of monkeys are contingent upon their habitat and seasonal variations.
During the grubs’ reproductive phases, monkeys have been seen eating them, along with large amounts of ripe fruit, before switching to more consistent food sources for the rest of the year.
75% of a squirrel monkey’s diet consists of insects. In spite of this, plants and fruits make up the vast majority of its diet, especially during the heightened rainfall period when it has a particular preference for the fruits of the Attalea maripa palms.
How Do I Describe the Habitat of Smiling Monkeys?
Monkeys are distributed across several regions worldwide, predominantly inhabiting tropical environments.
The distribution of Catarrhini includes regions in Africa and Asia, whereas platyrrhinic primates predominantly inhabit Central and South America.
The majority of primates inhabit tropical regions, with a specific preference for forested habitats. Monkeys, nonetheless, exhibit variations in their ability to flourish under diverse environmental conditions.
Baboons inhabit arid regions in the southern African countries, characterized by lower precipitation levels and occasional cooler temperatures.
The Japanese macaque, characterized by its dense white fur, is a primate species that thrives in regions of northern Japan where snowfall persists for extended periods.
Certain individuals engage in the practice of unwinding by immersing themselves in warm thermal springs located in mountainous regions.
The golden-headed lion tamarin species inhabits a region characterized by low elevation in Brazil, which experiences high levels of precipitation and maintains an average temperature exceeding 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
The lion tamarin mostly inhabits arboreal environments, typically occupying a vertical range of 10 to 30 feet above the ground.
In contrast, baboons tend to seek elevated locations, such as cliffs, primarily for the purpose of resting and evading potential predators.
The task of providing care for a smiling monkey is intricate, and several states within the United States as well as other nations have implemented restrictions or regulations pertaining to the ownership of monkeys.
As an illustration, it is worth noting that the state of Alabama permits the ownership of smiling monkeys as pets, while New Hampshire explicitly prohibits such ownership.
Conversely, in Idaho, the possession of monkeys smiling as pets is permissible, albeit subject to the condition of obtaining a specialized permit. Thanks for reading!