In today’s article, I want to teach you about the benefits of insects. Now, if you’re a beginner, you may freak out every single bug that you see, but there are quite a few beneficial ones that can help you with pest control to save you spending lots of money on insecticides and pesticides.
Here’s my top 10 list.
10 Beneficial Insects You Want in a Garden
The most important insect of all insects is bees. Now, you may not know this, but a third of all food consumed by humans is actually pollinated by bees, which includes over 90 different varieties of crops.
100% of almond pollination is down to bees, and 90% of the world’s food supply of apples and blueberries is down to these little fellows, as well on average. One Colony can hold up to 50,000 bees and they could pollinate around for thousand square meters of fruit crops.
It’s estimated to all the bees left in the world, on a yearly average can make around 6,000 tons of honey meaning that on average, a single colony can make full 10 kg pollinators like bees help contribute 125 billion pounds worth of crops, every year and 400 million of that just being the UK with an alarming decline in bee population all across the globe. It’s safe to say that we need to protect these bees in every way that we can.
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2. Ladybirds or Ladybugs
These are a universal symbol of good luck and her an extremely popular subject in children’s books looks out for their bright yellow eggs underneath leaves on stems. It will only take around a week for these two hatch bit the larval stage or the three other molting stages.
It will go before it becomes an adult. These amazing insects can feed up to 50 different unwanted pests in just one day. Make your knees without a doubt, a gardener’s best friend.
Now, these come under several different names, such as flour, flies, and drone flies, and with their distinctive yellow and black coloration. They sometimes get confused as wasps. The adults feed on nectar as they go around pollinating flowers and the female has a tendency to lay the creamy-white eggs right next to aphid colonies in good warm weather.
The eggs will take two to three days to hatch and could wipe out seventy to eighty percent of the entire aphid colony within a few days.
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There are over two and a half thousand different species of ground beetle and most of them are less than an inch and a half long. They will try to feed or pretty much anything that will move including asparagus beetles, cabbage worms, potato beetles, corn earworms, and small slugs.
Unfortunately, they do eat earthworms, but the benefit seriously outweighs the bad. Now, these beetles can’t climb but they can fall into slope bear trap. So if you are setting them, make sure they’re about an inch above the ground.
5. Green Lacewings
These are generalist predators which means they’re not fussy about what they eat at all. They prey on a large range of garden pests, including mealybugs, mice whitefly, aphids baby caterpillars, psyllids, and thrips the small lacewing larvae are insatiable predators and can kill over 200 pests in just a week.
Now, if you suffer from Arachnophobia you’re not going to agree with me, but these insects are really beneficial in your garden. Thankfully living in the UK, none of these are deadly and poisonous, but they seem to get really old fair rap when it comes to, how much help they do.
It can be a bad thing if you have too many spiders in your garden because they will pretty much eat anything that goes into their web which does mean they’ll eat a majority of the predators. You’re trying to get rid of it, but it can include some of the beneficial insects.
7. Soldier Beetles
Soldier beetles often called leather wings due to the soft texture of their wing covers these elongated beaks. It was mostly come in black but can have an orange-yellow or red spot slow to take flight leaves, often hiding in the thick vegetation or flowers.
They overwinter in the soil as pupa, but the females lay their eggs around early summer, the larvae feed on grasshoppers, moths, and other insects, while the adults tend to feed on aphids and other soft body pests.
8. Bracketed Wasps
Now, I’d like to wasps most people know these don’t sting and they’re not aggressive. Actually, a hundred thousand different species of wasps worldwide and a majority of them don’t sting. These little fellas are straight out of an alien movie.
They lay something called an egg parasitoid, which is a larva that can grow inside a host, an egg, and it can even grow inside a host body as it hatches unbeknown to its victim. It may start losing its appetite or maybe eat twice as much as its body weight either way.
Its host won’t reach full maturity and will die before it gets to reproduce. Adults will also eat aphids, but your lover leaves miner and lots of soft body paths making this one of the most vicious beneficial predators feel guarded.
Aphids have both in their adult or adolescent larvae stages. They can consume up to 60 different species of methods including those attack ornamentals, vegetable crops, and fruit trees. Their larva stage is easily recognizable due to their long, orange bodies, whichever stage of maturity there at they make for very virosa speeders.
Aphid measures can be even more effective at managing aphid infestation than ladybirds and lacewings.
10. Damsel Bugs
Another general predator that will eat just about anything, these can be extremely beneficial predators a distant cousin from assassin bugs. They use their pencil mouthparts and long legs to capture their prey. The damsel bug then injects a substance to both paralyze and liquefied the inside of expecting him in that earlier nymph face. They feed on all kinds of aphids, mites, and eggs as adults.
They feed on large and small prey including spider mites caterpillars, potatoes, beetles cabbage, corn, earworms, and leafhoppers. They’re extremely Brosius hunters and can survive for up to two weeks without food if left any longer without food, they will start eating each other.
When under threat, they can give a non-poisonous and they have been known to feed on leaves, but they won’t do any significant damage to your crops. There are hundreds more species of beneficial insects that have in your garden.